Why not just break into tr tags right inside of the table tag? I guess the extra tags allow for extra things to latch onto in the name of CSS styling and this suggests there is also a tfoot which to my surprise comes sequentially between thead and tbody in the markup. It will still show up at the bottom of the table however. td tags go in a tr tag in a tfoot and not th tags. Bootstrap uses thead and tbody so if you hate these tags like me you've gotta reconsider.